On Agriculture/Farm

  • Land
  • Personnel/Staff
  • Materials, Tools and Equipment


On Training

  • Student/Trainees
  • Recruitment


  • First Aid measures/Training
  • Preventive Health Education
  • Emergency measures including CPR training
  • Clinic/Dispensary/Cottage Hospital.

On Agriculture/Farm


Acquisition : Donation, Bequest, and Lease, and purchase for a nominal fee.

Surveying : Landscape – Hills, Mountain, Valley, Vegetation, Size (Acreage) etc.

Soil Studies

Determination of suitability for the chosen crops.


Farm managers

Farm laborers


Security Guards

Materials, Tools and Equipment

Buildings: Type, Utility, Design, Construction .

Power supply – Existing, Solar, Hydro.

Water supply – Wells, Bore holes, Tankers .

Watering equipment – Hoses, Watering tools on wheels.

Roads – Existing, Construction.

Security systems – Surveillance equipment.


First Aid measures/Training .

Preventive Health Education.

Emergency measures including CPR training – How many Nigerians can provide a life-saving CPR in emergencies? They’d instead cry “Ori iya mi o, E gba mi o, Mo gbe o, Yarasu la n lai or Jesu Oba iye” and be begging God to intervene. Our people should be taught immediate intervention methods.

Clinic/Dispensary/Cottage Hospital.

On Training



current small-scale farmers who want to learn more and improve production .


Current “backyard” farmers who want to learn more and improve production .

Individuals who want to start fresh with no land, knowledge or materials .

Illiterate vs Primary, High School or College education.


Initially one-one contact – via current “membership” of YKLTF .

Resources of existing relevant institutions.

Advertisements – Media, etc.

Others –

Agriculture as a business.

Agriculture as a profitable hobby


considering agriculture in the overall national economy

Land ownership; Land use laws and edicts


including pests and pesticides management, chemical vs organic farming, etc

Animal Husbandry

Birds, Sheep and Goat, Pig and Cattle

Farm inventory and Record keeping.

Integrated/Interrelated subject matters

Science – basic science relating chemistry, biology and the physical sciences (geography, climate etc) to agriculture and the farmers life and livelihood.

Technology – Computers and Information management.

Mechanical – Machine and Machine tools Designs and Production; Motors and Engines.

Business Management and Accounting Principles – Simple Ledger management; Financial record keeping.

Banking, Savings and Investment.

Marketing, Salesmanship and Advertisements.

Cooperatives – Structure and Function.

Interpersonal relationships – the Family as a unit, friendships.

Principles of Partnership – Contract design and use, Building trust, Friendship as distinct from business partnership and association.

Conflict resolution – Principles and Practice.


Beginners, mid-level (intermediate) and Advanced.

Ko’ya Teams

Yoruba Koya consists of four teams. Each team will be headed by a department head. We have the Green (Agricultural- crops and animal husbandry), Black (Knowledge Acquisition – (Computer
programming, marketing management, logistics management); Red (Equipment, machinery, and tools fabrication), Blue (Cultural Revival, outreach, and promotion). All Yoruba Ko’ya activities will be performed by and within the State Chapters according to the guidelines in this document under the guidance oversight of the National Executive body.

The executive team consists of the President, Vice President, legal, finance, and Public Affairs officer. The project team consists of Chairpersons, administrative secretaries, team leaders, and team representatives in the diaspora.

Roles and Responsibilities of Department Heads

Green Team Department (Farming and livestock):

Involved in the establishment of model farms.
– Leads the team in achieving the objective.
– Prepare a budget for model farm.
-Liaising with the local community to identify possible local trainees and trainers Will deliver produce and livestock to Black team leader for processing and marketing.

– Report to the executives both in writing and at meetings as scheduled.

Black Team Department (Packaging, processing, Marketing, distribution, purchasing, transport of produce, livestock, and machines, tools, implements, appliances, and software development):

– Leads the team in achieving the objectives of Yoruba Ko’ya
– Prepare project operational budget.
– Liaising with the local community to identify possible local trainees and trainers.

– Receive produce and livestock from Green Team leader.
– Sources other markets for produce and livestock.
– Set up farmers markets within one to two kilometer radius of popular existing markets.
– Set up export processes and ensure all Ko’ya products are labeled as such.
– Report to the executives, both in writing and at meetings, as scheduled.

Red Team Department (Skill acquisition and empowerment - Technical and Vocational Training)

– Leads the team in achieving the objectives of Yoruba Ko’ya
– Prepare project operational budget.
– Liaising with the local community to identify possible local trainees and trainers.
– Produce implements for others teams.
– Receive produce and livestock from Green Team leader.

Blue Team Department (Cultural Revival, outreach, and promotion).

– Leads the team in achieving the objectives of Yoruba Ko’ya.
– Prepares project operational budget.
– Liaises with youths, communities, and cultural institutions.
– Teach and promote Yoruba language, culture, philosophies, ethics, and values of Omoluabi.

Operational Guidelines

– Develop integrated model Farm and Training Centers .

– Develop Ijinle Farmers Cooperative.

– Source for land from the community to be leased to farmers in the Cooperative.

– Ijinle Cooperative will source for funds from the community in the form of loans and grants to be loaned to farmers in the Cooperative.
Train farmers in the Cooperative in modern agricultural techniques, including animal husbandry.

– Disburse such funds and inputs in the form of seedlings, pesticides, land clearing services, etc., to farmers in the Cooperative.

– Supervise and monitor farmers in the Cooperative.
Establish Ko’ya Farmers Markets where farmers can bring their produce to sell to the public.

– Establish an Agro-processing Unit for the Cooperative.
Establish Ko’ya Produce Marketing Board. The board will serve as liaison between farmers in the Cooperative and international buyers.

Ko’ya Farm Manager Candidate Recruitment & Retention

– Partner with existing agricultural establishments such as University of Agriculture Abeokuta, IITA, Ijebu Development Initiative on Poverty Reduction (IDIPR) for instructors, Trainers, and instructional

– Recruit Yoruba Trainee farm managers from N-Power, and tertiary agricultural institutions. Trainee farm managers and farmers may also be sourced among secondary school graduates, students needing industrial attachment, NYSC graduates who may not be students of agriculture, but want to go into the field. Trainees can also be sourced from the National Directorate of Employment. 

– Trainees, male and female, must undergo a medical check up and fitness test to qualify for admission into the program .

– Supplement allowances paid by government with stipend provided trainees and farm managers accommodation on or within two kilometers of the farm.

– Enroll Trainee managers into the Ijinle Cooperative with an obligation to contribute towards the token economy (Ajo).

Provide Trainees with health insurance.

At the end of the training period, provide trainees with plots and inputs for their first self-managed farm.

Assign new Trainee farm managers and farmers to the Graduate Trainee Managers as part fulfillment of their own training agreement with Yoruba Ko’ya.

Supervise, monitor and support Graduate Yoruba Ko’ya Farm Managers and ensure their continuous professional development .

Receive and market produce from Yoruba Ko’yaCooperative members through Yoruba Ko’ya Domestic and/or International Marketing Board.

Trainee Farm Managers shall

– Undergo mandatory medical and fitness tests before enrollment.

– Agree to live in on-farm accommodation or accommodation provided within two kilometres of the farm centers.

– Agree to abide by Accommodation and Farm Rules, forbidding cultism, vandalism, arson, violence, stealing, drunkenness, gambling, and rape within or around Yoruba Ko’ya premises by farmers,
trainees, visitors, and agents.

– Accept such stipend(s) and mandatory contributions as agreed with Yoruba Ko’ya.

-Train and mentor new trainees upon completion of their own training.

– Agree to sell exclusively to Yoruba Ko’ya, at fair market rates, products from farms provided or leased
by, or supported with resources and inputs from Yoruba Ko’ya.

– Should trainee farm managers and farmers fail to complete their training or choose to leave upon completion of training without taking the next step of utilizing their training to establish a farm, they
stand to forfeit accommodation, stipend, and their fifty percent (50%) contribution from stipends received towards token economy (Ajo). Their medical insurance will also automatically lapse at the end of the medical enrollment period..


This training outline is a guide for Yoruba Ko’ya trainers. It should be understood that the said
trainings will be delivered through application (hands-on), and not theory. Some of the training units
may need to be combined and used as practical experience as our projects permit. It is also
recommended that trainers should seek other avenues outside Ko’ya model farms to impart the
trainings. Field trips to other well established farms, agro-processing establishments, metal works
establishments, training institutes, etc., are encouraged.

Field Applications for Agriculture

Crop Science


This course will teach students methods of solving many application problems that will be
encountered in the field of agriculture using applied mathematical and logic skills. The emphasis will
be to use practical mathematical skills already acquired from secondary education to address
agricultural situations involving computations that are necessary for upper level courses in
agriculture. Some knowledge of agricultural situations may be required.


To enable students to solve problems that will be encountered in various agricultural occupations.
This course is designed to allow the students to connect current basic math skills with common application problems in agriculture..


A. Calculation of field acreage using various shapes and sizes.

B. Determination of the amount of fertilizer applied per acre to obtain the quantities of recommended nutrients.

C. Calibration of farm sprayers to obtain proper rates of application. Calculate herbicide concentrate additions to spray tank to obtain desired application rate.

D. Determination of seeding rates and plant populations in the field.

E. Measurement of yield of various crops.

Calculate fertilizer proportioner rates for correct application in a greenhouse setting.

G. Calculate production volume rates for soilless media during greenhouse production.

H. Utilize unit analysis in designing irrigation systems.

I. Calculate ratios using gears, belts, and chains.

J. Figure horsepower, torque, cubic centimeters, and cubic inch displacement for various engines.

K. Utilize Ohm’s Law for electrical calculations.

L. Calculate efficiencies of motors and electrical systems.

M. Calculation of stocking rates and density for grazing livestock.

N. Calculate standardized performance analysis data for beef cattle and swine.

O. Compute comparative analysis for within cow herds.

P. Calculate the weight per day of age of livestock.

Q. Calculate effective cost/return ratios for beef and swine.

R. Calculation of interest payments on agribusiness loans.

S. Figure the mean, median, and standard deviation of a sample.


A. Introduction
B. Applications related to agronomy
C. Applications related to horticulture
D. Applications related to agricultural systems technology and agricultural
E. Applications related to animal science
F. Applications related to agricultural business


A study of the fundamental principles underlying the production of agricultural crops.


To introduce all agriculture majors to the principles underlying crop production.


A. Identify the major crops and weeds of Western Nigeria.
B. Understand the possibilities for, and limitations on increased world food
C. Explain how superior cultivars are developed for the marketplace.
D. Have a keen awareness of the principle of limiting factors on agricultural
productively of Western Nigeria.
E. Explain the stages of growth and development of crop plants.
F. Know the basic principles and practices of crop rotation.
G. Explain the pest triangle and illustrate with the major crops how to control or prevent serious
H. Know crop plants, their growth habits, and area of adaptation, uses and some major pest problems.
I. Give advice on planting and harvesting alternatives.
J. Explain nitrogen fixation in legume crops.
K. Explain the factors that determine grade or value of grain and hay.
L. Outline major cultural practices for efficient production of crops typical of Western Nigeria.


A. Crop development and Growth
B. Environmental Factors specific to location of farm
C. Photosynthesis
D. Fertilization
E. Nitrogen fixation
F. Crop Improvement
G. Integrated Pest Management
H. Specific Crops
I. Plant symbiosis